1. Check rear view mirror(s).
2. Release accelerator pedal smoothly.
3. Brake if necessary to appropriate speed for circumstances. (Braking shall be completed before gear changing down)
4. Select gear.
5. Replace hand to appropriate position on steering wheel.
If the speed of the vehicle increases considerably without application of the accelerator and if continuous use of the service brake is necessary, brake to the appropriate speed before a lower gear is engaged in order to minimise an increase in speed. Repeat this procedure as necessary. Avoid selecting a lower gear to assist or replace braking in order to reduce the speed of the vehicle.
Gears should be changed, where possible, whilst travelling on a straight course.
An appropriate gear shall be selected before descending a steep gradient.
Make use of the engine/exhaust brake in accordance with traffic pattern or gradient of the road.